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Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease, angina, heart attack, congenital heart disease and stroke.

It’s also known as heart and circulatory disease

Other types of cardiovascular disease include heart valve disease and cardiomyopathy.

How are cardiovascular diseases linked?

Coronary heart disease (angina and heart attack) and stroke may be caused by the same problem – atherosclerosis. This is when your arteries become narrowed by a gradual build-up of fatty material (called atheroma) within their walls. Illustration showing how atheroma builds up in the artery and restricts blood flow

With the heart pumping 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, it’s absolutely vital to make sure things are flowing smoothly (pun intended!). Unfortunately, this isn’t always the case, and different parts of the circulatory system can cause problems: your heart, your blood vessels, and even the fluid in your tissues and blood itself can be the issue. To further complicate things, the underlying reasons for circulatory system problems vary from your genes (nature) to your lifestyle habits (nurture). An understanding of how different diseases can affect your circulatory system is important to combat this growing problem in the world.

Mortality

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of death in Australia. There were 43,603 deaths attributed to CVD in Australia in 2013. On average, one Australian dies as a result of CVD every 12 minutes. CVD accounted for nearly 30% of all deaths in Australia in 2013, including 28% for males and 31% for females. From 2004 to 2013, the number of CVD deaths has fallen by 8% from 47,637 to 43,603.

Types of Coronary artery disease.

  • Atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, and arteriolosclerosis.
  • Stroke.
  • Hypertension.
  • Heart failure.
  • Aortic dissection and aneurysm.
  • Myocarditis and pericarditis.
  • Cardiomyopathy.

What increases my risk of cardiovascular disease?

A risk factor is something that that increases your likelihood of getting a disease. There are several risk factors for CVD,including:

  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • High blood cholesterol
  • Being physically inactive
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Diabetes
  • Family history of heart disease
  • Ethnic background
  • Sex – men are more likely to develop CVD at an earlier age than women.
  • Age – the older you are, the more likely you are to develop CVD.

How you deal with stress, the amount of alcohol you drink, as well as the type of job you do may also influence your risk of developing CVD. The more risk factors you have, the higher your risk of developing CVD. And even though you can’t change all your risk factors, there is plenty you can do to reduce your risk and help to protect your heart

Tips on How to Prevent Circulatory System Diseases

There are many circulatory system diseases, which can be fatal. Some of them are angina, arrhythmia, atherosclerosis, cardiomyopathy, congenital heart defect, coronary artery disease, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and peripheral vascular disease. Everyone should be aware of the facts regarding circulatory system disease prevention. To help you with this, following are some of the preventive measures.

Exercise: Exercise and workouts are the best way to keep your body healthy. Routine workouts generate a proper blood flow in the body, which reduces the chances of getting circulatory system diseases. They also increase the oxygen level in the body, which is the primary need of the body. You can opt for jogging, cycling, swimming, or any other sports, which can keep your body working.

Quit Smoking: Smoking is the cause of a number of diseases among which circulatory system diseases are the most common ones. If you are already suffering from circulatory system diseases, then smoking may even cause death. Hence, it is best to avoid it completely. cvd

Control Alcohol: It has been observed that small amounts of alcohol, specifically red wine, can improve the blood circulation. But excess consumption of alcohol may take you to many health complications. Hence, it is very necessary to keep an eye on your alcohol consumption.

Stay Away from Stress: In our busy routine, we forget about our health, and take a lot of mental and physical stress. Any type of stress can lead to a number of circulatory diseases. Meditation has proved to be one of the best ways to get rid of the problems of stress.

Take Proper Rest: Your body needs proper rest after a day’s long work, hence try to get at least 7 hours sleep, in every 24 hours. It will remove toxins from your body, and will maintain proper blood flow. Avoid sleeping extra as it will result in poor blood circulation in your body.

Foods to be Avoided: Just by taking care of the food habits you can easily protect yourself from circulatory system diseases. Avoid eating foods, which have saturated fats like butter, dairy products, etc. Fat and cholesterol get deposited in the arteries, and cause blockages in the proper circulation of blood. Avoid eating junk food items. Reduce the oil consumption, and use only refined oils.

What to Eat: Fresh vegetables and fruits will improve the blood circulation of your body. Fat is one of the necessities of the body, hence you cannot avoid it completely. You can have mono-unsaturated fat, which you can get from nuts, almonds, sunflower seeds, omega 3 fatty acids, corn oil, soy oil, etc. You can have lean meat and lean dairy products. Fish can be very healthy for the prevention of circulatory diseases. Complex carbohydrates and fibers should be included in the diet.

Lose Weight: People with excess weight are more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases. Hence, it is very important to shed excess weight with the help of various weight reducing activities and a suitable diet. Consult a physician for more details.

Other Diseases: If you are suffering from other diseases such as diabetes, then you need to be more careful. Keep an eye on the sugar levels, and try to maintain it, so as to avoid any type of circulatory system diseases. So these were some of the tips and preventive measures to improve the circulatory system, and to avoid circulatory system diseases. You should consult your doctor or dietitian for more detailed information on the diet schedule.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is solely for educating the reader. It is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a medical expert.

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